Human labor is an absolute necessity in determining value. In this sense, regardless of whatever technological advancements are created to ease the burden of labor, humanity must always work, in any type of society. Knowing this, the Communist adopts the infamous phrase: “From each according to his ability, to each according to his need,” or too, “from each according to his labor.” Adhering to this motto, and not remaining idle in one’s society, is one of the duties of the working class and the vanguard in socialist society; and as any well rounded Marxists knows, the argument that laziness will develop in a socialist system is completely flawed and inherently baseless.
In socialist society, equal opportunities in realms such as education are ensured for the working class. By taking advantage of this fact, individuals are able to develop their talents and abilities to apply them even further collectively as well as individually. Most importantly, this increased sense of ability that ensues in socialist society among the working class man, makes the value of his labor more productive; unlike the alienating redundancy created through capitalism. Furthering this notion, when the capitalist mode of production has witnessed decline during the socialism, conditions of society itself will be more fitting for each individual to actually partake in a fulfilling career, and with a full sense of predisposition towards their career; thus the phrase “from each according to his ability,” manages to thrive in socialist society. This is due primarily to the manner in which the previous divisions of labor in capitalist society will have been removed in socialist society. For those who are unsure what that means, division of labor is, fundamentally speaking, specialized labor. In other words, specific labor roles, which often change in regards to the type of society one resides within [i.e. socialist society vs capitalist society]. In capitalist society, division of labor is biased towards social classes, and the upper classes uses management techniques such as Taylorism, and bureaucracy, to essentially subdue the workers, leading to alienation, and poor working conditions.
In communist society, first and foremost, alienation is abolished. Secondly, in regards to the previous points made of how socialism brings a sense of fulfillment in one’s labor, this trait is even further expanded in communism. Firstly, in socialist society, wages are fair and acceptable. Working hours are ideally no more than thirty hours for most. In communist society, after the socialist state has withered away and the conditions are ideal, workers labor without the need for money. But how could this be done? It is a long process in order to reach this step, and must be approached carefully and scientifically, rather than as an immediate. Without money, the rewards for labor become based on the moral satisfaction, and moreover, the social consciousness that has been developing since the formation of the socialist state. By benefiting the society (after realizing that all labor is social), the benefits to the individual are made greater as well. Voluntary labor without the lust for instant gratification should not be viewed negatively as capitalism claims, but as the epitome of nobility in communist society; a sort of evolutionary progression in following the constantly evolving nature of things. The old capitalist argument that is repeated ad nauseam about how communism leads to idleness because of “human nature”, should be seen as defeatist, fallacious, and inconceivably ignorant. The fact of the matter, is that anything, including the will to labor without monetary gain, can become a “second nature” over time, through the right social conditions. Labor in communist society shall be unrestrained by the chains so tightly tied on to the working class in capitalist society. Freedom of creativity shall ensue, and cultural levels will rise greatly. Public ownership, equal opportunity, social consciousness, all of these greatly factor in to the welfare of communist society, and the individual’s benefits.
In previous regards to how socialist society operates its system of labor [e.g. thirty hours of work, fair wages, etc], communist society is still somewhat similar. Individuals have the right, in communist society, to freely choose their career, based on abilities. Because of the acceptable amount of hours, the workers can develop their talents both within their occupation, and outside of it on their own time. This time also allows for the development of new technologies to reduce arduous tasks such as janitorial work; which also defeats the arguments of janitors and doctors being mathematically equal in socialist and communist societies, as janitors are likely not to exist in communist society due to the ingenuity of humanity. “From each according to his abilities and labor, to each according to his needs” shall therefore be the dominant motto of socialist and communist society
Written by comrade gl0wstick